“IT IS EASIER TO BUILD STRONG CHILDREN THAN TO REPAIR BROKEN MEN” – Frederick Douglass

What is Paediatrics?

Paediatrics is the medical specialty that deals with clinical care of children – starting from birth through to the age of 18 years. This specialty operates with a focal objective on enhancing the health and well-being of children by reducing their death rates and diminishing the infectious and non-infectious morbidity amongst them.

Role of Paediatricians

Ensuring the health and well-being of children requires specialised care since their bodily functions are not the same as those of adults. Paediatricians are the doctors who are specialised in managing all three aspects of child health: physical, behaviour and mental. Their fundamental roles include:

  • Provision of medical care to newborns, infants, children and adolescents.
  • Examination and detection of a broad range of diseases and/or injuries amongst pediatric patients.
  • Guidance on and administration of necessary immunisations for children to prevent the occurrence of infectious disease right from birth.
  • Monitoring the growth and development of children, in physical and mental terms, through regular follow-ups.
  • To collaborate with specialty expert in case of involvement of specific organ/system deterioration in order to provide the best possible care.
  • To guide and teach the parents as to how they can contribute to the well-being of their child: eating habits, exercise, personal hygiene, etc.
Conditions covered under paediatrics

Paediatricians manage the issues relating to developmental, behavioural, educational and family problems in childhood. Thus, they have an invaluable and lifelong impact on children’s well-being. Specific child health issues that are managed by paediatricians are as below:

  • Neonatal issues (conditions of newborns)
  • Injuries
  • Infections
  • Genetic and congenital (diseases present since birth) conditions
  • Cancers
  • Dysfunctions of specific organs (lungs, liver, kidney, etc.)
  • Developmental delays and/or disorders
  • Behavioural issues
  • Functional disabilities
  • Mental health issues
Importance of Pediatric Care

Pediatric care is a dedicated field of medical care for children, with prime focus on the right growth and development of children by the means of proper nutrition as well as prevention and treatment of illnesses. The core purpose of paediatric care is to improve the quality of life for both the kid and the family. It enables the child to grow and become an asset to society through three-step holistic care as depicted below.

1. Health Optimization at every Milestone
  • Pediatric care begins right from the birth of the child.
  • Heath optmization includes the vaccination of the child from life-threatening infections as well as provision of growth chart for the developmental milestones to be achieved at every stage of childhood.
2. Health Management
  • Assessment of any structural and functional anomalies
  • Diagnosis of underlying health issues that may affect child’s well being
  • Treatment of health conditions as well as congenital problems in collaboration with supervision of other specialists to ensure utmost quality of care
3. Nutrition and Wellness
  • Guidance on meeting the nutritional demands
  • Advising parents on their role in promoting the well-being of children

Health Optimization at every Milestone

  • Pediatric care begins right from the birth of the child.
  • Heath optmization includes the vaccination of the child from life-threatening infections as well as provision of growth chart for the developmental milestones to be achieved at every stage of childhood.

Health Management

  • Assessment of any structural and functional anomalies
  • Diagnosis of underlying health issues that may affect child’s well being
  • Treatment of health conditions as well as congenital problems in collaboration with supervision of other specialists to ensure utmost quality of care

Nutrition and Wellness

  • Guidance on meeting the nutritional demands
  • Advising parents on their role in promoting the well-being of children

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